Snowy Owl (Nyctea scandiaca)

Description: Snowy owls are 56-65 cm long, with the wingspan of 150-160 cm, and the wing length of 38.5-46 cm, weighing 1350-2500 gr. The females are greater than males in size. Adult birds are of general white, with red-brownish streaks of different sizes or with red-brown lateral bars. Males are usually lighter and sometimes pure white. Their iris is bright yellow; the beak, almost entirely covered by bristly, outward feathers, is black, as are the talons.

Habitat: Most of these birds are nomadic, with a small part sedentary. Migrations are irregular, depending on the local conditions – snow cover, accessibility and density of prey etc. The migrating owls are mainly met in the open landscapes of the moderate zone of the northern hemisphere – wooded steppe, steppe, and cultivated landscapes.

/ * The photos at pskovbirds.info are cross-posted from commons.wikimedia.org and are used for familiarization purposes only. No commercial use of the photos is allowed. For more information about to use the photos see the originals on commons.wikimedia.org. /

Автор: admin 13.11.2018

Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo)

Description: With the total length of 62-72 cm, the wingspan of 150-180 cm, and the wing length of 41-52 cm, the Eagle Owl weighs 2.1-3.2 kg. Females are notably larger than males, but the coloration is the same. The typical coloration in adult eagle owls is as follows: the rear side is streaked – against the rufous, or yellowish, or sometimes whitish background, there is a black and red-brown longitudinal and lateral pattern. The belly side is reddish, ocher-toned or yellowish, with black longitudinal spots on the crop and breast, and with fine red-brownish or blackish lateral bars on the belly, flanks, and undertail. The throat is white. The iris is bright orange or reddish, the beak and talons are black.

Habitat: It is a widespread nomadic and sedentary bird. It is indiscriminate in terms of habitats, and can be encountered in forests, steppe, deserts, plains, or mountains. It is red-listed inRussia.

/ * The photos at pskovbirds.info are cross-posted from commons.wikimedia.org and are used for familiarization purposes only. No commercial use of the photos is allowed. For more information about to use the photos see the originals on commons.wikimedia.org. /

Автор: admin 13.11.2018

Long-Eared Owl (Asio otus)

Description: This 35-39 cm long bird, with the wingspan of 86-100 cm, the wing length of 27.5-32 cm, weighs 240-330 gr. Females are larger than males. The rear side is ocher with dark red-brown quill stripes, with lateral thin streaks and white marks at the root and on the coverts of the wing. The quill feathers are yellowish with a red-brown lateral pattern and greyish tips. The belly side is rufous, ocher-toned or whitish, with broad longitudinal and fine lateral dark red-brown bars. The iris is yellow or orange, and the beak and talons are black.

Habitat: Migratory in the north, the bird is sedentary or nomadic in the south. It nests in forests, usually in old nests, more seldom in tree hollows, and in rarest cases – on the ground.

/ * The photos at pskovbirds.info are cross-posted from commons.wikimedia.org and are used for familiarization purposes only. No commercial use of the photos is allowed. For more information about to use the photos see the originals on commons.wikimedia.org. /

Автор: admin 13.11.2018

Short-Eared Owl (Asio flammeus)

Description: With the total length of 34-42 cm, the wingspan of 85-110 cm, and the wing length of 28-34 cm, short-eared owls weigh 320-430 gr. Females are larger than males. The ear tufts are short. In adults, the rear side is ocher or rufous, with red-brown longitudinal pattern, and the quills and rudders with a red-brown lateral pattern. The belly side is ocher, rufous or whitish, with red-brown longitudinal spots. The iris is yellow, and the beak and talons are black.

Habitat: In the northern parts of the areal, the Short-Eared Owl is migratory, in other parts – migratory or nomadic. It dwells in open expanses, tundra, cultivated landscapes, and steppe.

/ * The photos at pskovbirds.info are cross-posted from commons.wikimedia.org and are used for familiarization purposes only. No commercial use of the photos is allowed. For more information about to use the photos see the originals on commons.wikimedia.org. /

Автор: admin 13.11.2018

Tengmalm’s Owl (Aegolius funereus)

Description: This owl is distinguished by the large and broad head with pointed feather ears, the clear-cut and asymmetrical (due to the structure of the ears) facial disk, relatively small eyes, the weak beak, long and broad wings, short tail, feet thickly feathered down to talons. The total length is 21-27 cm, the wing length is 15-19 cm, with the weight of 120-190 gr. Females are somewhat larger than males. The coloration is greyish red-brown with white streaks, forming a lateral pattern on the quills and rudders; the big white streaks on the nape, neck and humeral; the belly side is white with a red-brown longitudinal pattern. The iris and the beak are yellow, with the talons black.

Habitat: The birds are sedentary, though partly nomadic. In the north they are diurnal, and nocturnal in the south. Tengmalm’s owls are widespread in both mountainous and plain coniferous forests.

/ * The photos at pskovbirds.info are cross-posted from commons.wikimedia.org and are used for familiarization purposes only. No commercial use of the photos is allowed. For more information about to use the photos see the originals on commons.wikimedia.org. /

Автор: admin 13.11.2018

Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium passerinum)

Description: The most northern of the owls in our country, the Pygmy Owl measures as follows: 15-17.5 cm long, 35-39 cm of wingspan, 9-11 of wing length, and the weight of 55-80 gr. Females are larger than males. The overall coloration of the rear side is red-brown with more or less grey a hue, with some whitish streak and a whitish lateral pattern on the quills and rudders; the belly side is white with red-brown longitudinal bars, on the flanks of the crop and breast there is a dark spot with white marks. The iris and the beak are yellow, with the talons black. The toes are densely feathered down to talons.

Habitat: A sedentary bird, populating long-stemmed and mainly coniferous forests. Outside of the nesting season, minor nomadic moves can be registered.

/ * The photos at pskovbirds.info are cross-posted from commons.wikimedia.org and are used for familiarization purposes only. No commercial use of the photos is allowed. For more information about to use the photos see the originals on commons.wikimedia.org. /

Автор: admin 13.11.2018

Hawk Owl (Surnia ulula)

Description: Hawk owls are of average size, have a smaller head, an incomplete facial disk, relatively small eyes, long and pointed wings, long and abruptly stepped tail, and thick plumage on tarso-metatarsi and toes. Their total length is 35-40 cm, with the wingspan of 70-80 cm, the wing length of 22-25 cm, and the weight of 250-370 gr. Females are larger than males. The overall coloration from the rear is chocolate red-brown with white ripple, especially well-seen in the crown, nape and humeral; the quills and rudders are dark red-brown with a whitish lateral pattern; from below, they are white with symmetrical lateral blackish red-brown bars. The iris is yellow; the beak is yellowish red-brown; the talons are black.

Habitat: A sedentary bird, in its distribution dependent on forest cover – mainly coniferous. Although at times, the Hawk Owl undertakes irregular nomadic migrations.

/ * The photos at pskovbirds.info are cross-posted from commons.wikimedia.org and are used for familiarization purposes only. No commercial use of the photos is allowed. For more information about to use the photos see the originals on commons.wikimedia.org. /

Автор: admin 13.11.2018

Tawny Owl (Strix aluco)

Description: Birds mid to large (on the owl scale), tawny owls are 30 to 70 cm long, streaked grey or rufous in color. The head in these owls is relatively big and round, lacking ear tufts, with a tight strong beak; the facial disc is complete. Their ears are asymmetrical, eyes with red-brown iris (except for great grey owls). The talons are long, pointy and much curved. The plumage is soft and loose, with the wings broad and rounded, and the tail of a moderate length, rounded at the top. Feet – with rare exceptions – are feathered down to talons.

Habitat: These woodland birds are mainly nocturnal. They nest in tree hollows or old nests, rarely in ground holes or rock crevices. They are predominantly sedentary.

/ * The photos at pskovbirds.info are cross-posted from commons.wikimedia.org and are used for familiarization purposes only. No commercial use of the photos is allowed. For more information about to use the photos see the originals on commons.wikimedia.org. /

Автор: admin 13.11.2018

Ural Owl (Strix uralensis)

Description: One of the largest owls, with the length of 70 cm, the wingspan of 115, the wing length of 35-40, and the length of the tail of 30 cm. The general coloration from the rear is whitish ocher with a red-brown longitudinal pattern and bleak lateral marks on the wing bars. The quills and rudders are red-brown ocher with a dark red-brown lateral pattern. The under-parts are whitish ocher or pure white with clear red-brown spots. The facial disc is light, lined with smallish streaky feathers. It lacks ear tufts. The toes are feathered down to talons. The iris is dark red-brown, the beak is yellow, and the talons are black.

Habitat: It mainly inhabits long-stemmed mixed forests – often over-damp – with a considerable share of coniferous species. It settles in the forest skirts, next to big glades, vast logging sites and burnt areas, in thinned-down forests and outliers. In the winter, the bird nomadically migrates to the steppe.

/ * The photos at pskovbirds.info are cross-posted from commons.wikimedia.org and are used for familiarization purposes only. No commercial use of the photos is allowed. For more information about to use the photos see the originals on commons.wikimedia.org. /

Автор: admin 13.11.2018

Great Grey Owl (Strix nebulosa)

Description: The largest of the owls present inRussia. This long-tailed and long-winged bird has the total length of 63-66 cm, the wingspan of 130-140 cm, the wing length of 41-48 cm, and weighs 700-1200 gr. Females – as is usual with the owls – are larger than males. The upper-parts in adult males and females is greyish red-brown with a dense longitudinal and lateral pattern – ocher-whitish and dark red-brown; a symmetrical light-and-dark lateral pattern in the crown, nape, and back of the neck; the quills are dark red-brown with an ocher-toned lateral pattern in the main of the bar. The under-parts are whitish with a pale red-brown longitudinal pattern and fine red-brownish ripples. The iris is bright yellow, with the yellow beak, and red-brown talons.

Habitat: The bird is sedentary and nomadic, with the nomadic moves dependent on unfavorable density of prey. It uses old nests of other birds, yet could be building its own, more often on top of broken trees, high above the ground.

/ * The photos at pskovbirds.info are cross-posted from commons.wikimedia.org and are used for familiarization purposes only. No commercial use of the photos is allowed. For more information about to use the photos see the originals on commons.wikimedia.org. /

Автор: admin 13.11.2018